Prevention of Healthcare-Associated Infections with Microbiology
 
Module: Nursing Care
ECTS: 4
Contact hours – lectures: 45
Contact hours – seminar:  
Contact hours – clinical exercises: 15
Contact hours – clinical practice:  
Holder of subject: Dr Irena Grmek Košnik, Assistant Professor
Year of study: First
 
Prevention of Healthcare-Associated Infections with Microbiology

Contact hours – lectures: 45
Contact hours – seminar:  
Contact hours – clinical exercises: 15
Contact hours – clinical practice:  
Holder of subject: Dr Irena Grmek Košnik, Assistant Professor
Education providers:
  • Dr Irena Grmek Košnik, Assistant Professor
  • Urška Dermota, Lecturer
  • Helena Ribič, Lecturer
  • Zdenka Kramar, Lecturer
Level of study: First Bologna cycle professional education study program
Semester: Winter
Language: Slovene/English
 
Subject-specific competences: The student:
  • becomes familiar with the current approaches to infection control in hospitals,
  • learns about  nurses’ role in the prevention and control of nosocomial infections,
  • gains understanding of the theory behind nursing interventions from the perspective of infection control,
  • acquires the knowledge and skills on basic hygienic procedures applied in nursing care,  in accordance with professional guidelines,
  • becomes familiar with the organization of infection control in hospitals, with legislation governing this activity and inspection services,
  • gains understanding of the risks for infection in hospitals, other healthcare institutions and the community (community nursing, home care),
  • becomes familiar with the basic methods for gathering and assessing  epidemiological data on nosocomial infections,
  • learns about cleaning, decontamination, disinfection and sterilization.

Knowledge and understanding:
  • comprehension of the basic characteristics of microbes,
  • comprehension of the most important agents for infection and origin mechanisms according to the anatomic location,
  • understanding the immune response to infections,
  • knowledge (theoretical and practical) of infection diagnostics,
  • the ability to correctly take and transport materials for microbiology,
  • the knowledge to prevent, discover and control nosocomial infections,
  • the ability to destroy microbes in the environment and the organism,
  • awareness of the importance of properly using antibiotics/antimicrobial substances,
  • sources of infection in hospitals, routes of transmission and preventive measures,
  • basic principles of maintaining hygiene in health care and other public institutions,
  • legal framework for hygiene monitoring in health care institutions,
  • employee health: prevention of occupationally acquired infections,
  • importance of hand washing and personal hygiene,
  • standard isolation measures and special measures used in tuberculosis, hepatitis, and HIV infections,
  • infection control measures and nursing standards,
  • awareness of the risk for infection associated with invasive diagnostic, therapeutic and nursing interventions,
  • cleaning, decontamination, disinfection and sterilization procedures,
  • hygienic maintenance of materials and equipment,
  • environmental and economic aspects of infection control.
Mandatory references:
  • Gubina, M. & Ihan, A., eds., 2002. Medicinska bakteriologija z imunologijo in mikologijo. Ljubljana: Medicinski razgledi.
  • Logar, J., 1999. Parazitologija v medicini. Ljubljana: DZS.
  • Koren, S., Avšič Županc, T., Drinovec, B., Marin, J. & Poljak, M., 2007. Splošna medicinska virologija. Ljubljana: Medicinski razgledi.
  • Grmek Košnik, I. & Dermota, U., 2013. Praktikum vaj iz mikrobiologije s parazitologijo za študente Visoke šole za zdravstveno nego Jesenice. Jesenice: Visoka šola za zdravstveno nego Jesenice.
  • Ribič, H. & Kramar, Z., v tisku. Preprečevanje okužb, povezanih z zdravstvom. Skripta za študente prvega letnika Fakultete za zdravstvo Jesenice.
  • Gubina, M., Dolinšek, M. & Škerl, M., 2002. Bolnišnična higiena. Ljubljana: Medicinska fakulteta.
  • Delovna skupina pri Ministrstvu za zdravje RS, 2003. Strokovne podlage za pripravo programa za obvladovanje in preprečevanje bolnišničnih okužb 2000 -2003. Ljubljana: Slovensko zdravniško društvo, Sekcija za klinično mikrobiologijo in hospitalne infekcije.
  • Dragaš, A.Z. & Škerl, M., 2004. Higiena in obvladovanje okužb. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC SAZU.
  • Dolinšek, M., Kramar, Z. & Bohinc, P., 2003. Vzdrževanje prostora, opreme in pripomočkov kot del izolacijske doktrine. In: D. Musič, ed. Aerogeno prenosljive nalezljive bolezni: zbornik predavanj. 2. strokovnega seminarja. Ljubljana, 9. junij 2003. Ljubljana: Slovensko društvo za bolnišnično higieno, pp. 34-40.
  • Tomažič, J. & Sterle, F., 2014. Infekcijske bolezni. Ljubljana: Združenje za infektologijo, Slovensko zdravniško društvo.
Recommended references:
  • Vozelj, M., 2000. Temelji imunologije. Ljubljana: DZS.
  • Gubina, M., Dolinšek, M. & Škerl, M., 1998. Bolnišnična higiena. Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Medicinska fakulteta.
  • Marolt-Gomišček, M., 1992. Antibiotiki in kemoterapevtiki v vsakdanji praksi. Ljubljana: Tangram.
  • Kalenić, S., Mlinarić-Missoni, E., et al., 2001. Medicinska bakteriologija i mikologija. Zagreb: Merkur A.B.D.
  • Murray, P.R., Baron, E.J., Phaller, M.A., Tenover, F.C. & Yolken, R.H., eds., 1999. Manual of clinical microbiology. 7th ed. Washington: ASM. 
  • Brooks, G.F., Butel, J.S. & Morse, S.A., 2001. Jawetz, Melnik, & Adelberg´s Medical Microbiology. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Mims, C.A., Nash,  A. & Stephen, J., 2001. Mims´ Pathogenesis of Infectious Disease. 5th ed. San Diego: Academic Press Inc.
  • Wenzel, R.P., 1993. Prevention and control of nosocomial infections. Baltimore: Wiliams and Wilkins.
  • Zborniki strokovnih seminarjev Slovenskega društva za bolnišnično higieno.
Study obligations:
  • 50% obligatory attendance at lectures
Assessment methods:
  • written examination (100%)