Biomedical fountdations of physioteraphy
 
Module: Physiotherapy
ECTS: 6
Contact hours – lectures: 65
Contact hours – seminar: 25
Contact hours – clinical exercises:  
Contact hours – clinical practice:  
Holder of subject:
Year of study: First
 
Biomedical fountdations of physioteraphy              

Contact hours – lectures: 65
Contact hours – seminar: 25
Contact hours – clinical exercises:  
Contact hours – clinical practice:  
Holder of subject:  
Education providers:
  •  
Level of study: First Bologna cycle professional education study program
Semester: Winter
Language: Slovene/English
 
Subject-specific competences:
  • Structure and function of biological molecules. ATP as metabolic agent of energy. Enzymes as biological catalyst for decomposition and biosynthesis of carbohydrates, fats, proteins and amino acids. Basic principles of regulation of metabolic processes. DNA duplication, transcription to RNA and biosynthesis of proteins. 
  • The structure and the function of cell and cell components. Transports within the cell, interaction between cells and cell surroundings, intercellular contacts, cytoskeleton, cellular movement, cellular cycle and cellular ending. Basics of epigenetics together with basics of normal and abnormal division of chromosomes that cause some human syndromes (Down's syndrome) and mutations caused by hereditary diseases (cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy).
  • The characteristics of viruses, bacteria and fungi. Pathogenic microorganisms that cause skin infection and hospital infections. Functioning of viruses, ways of transmission of viral infections to humans. Methods for prevention of reproductively and destruction of microorganisms. 

Aims of the course provide the foundations for understanding of basic biochemical, cellular-biological genetic and microbiological elements.
Specific competences:
  • Students are familiar with the basic chemical reactions in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, with  the structure of biological molecules, metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and amino acids and with the role of hormones at the regulation of metabolism.
  • Students are familiar with molecular and biochemical basis of movement of non-muscle and muscle cells and with the foundations of basic biological dogma of information transfer from DNA to protein.
  • Students know basic concepts of processes at cellular biology, like relationships between cellular structure and function, know different cell activities, like cell movement, cell integration to tissue and integration to extracellular matrix, and are familiar with cell division and cells ending.
  • Students know basic concepts and processes of human genetics, including genetic disease (Down's syndrome cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy).
  • Students know different types of microbial cells and know their characteristics. Students are familiar with different areas of microbiology with a focus on medical microbiology.

Knowledge and understanding
  • Knowing the basic mechanisms of structure and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
  • Acquiring the foundations for an understanding of structure and functioning of tissues and organs in the human body and the basics of genetics.
Mandatory references:
  • Erdani-Kreft, M. Erman, A., Hudoklin, S., Resnik, N., Romih, R. & Zupančič, D., 2015. Celična biologija. Ljubljana: Medicinska fakulteta, Inštitut za biologijo celice.
  • Jezernik, K., Veranič, P. & Sterle, M., 2015. Celična biologija: učbenik za študente Medicinske fakultete. Ljubljana: DZS. 
  • Poljak, M. & Petrovec, M., eds., 2015. Medicinska virologija. Ljubljana: Medicinski razgledi.
  • Gubina, M. & Ihan, A., 2002. Medicinska bakteriologija z imunologijo in mikologijo. Ljubljana: Medicinski razgledi.
Recommended references:  
Study obligations: 50% obligatory attendance at lectures
100% obligatory attendance at seminars
submitted and presented seminar work
Assessment methods: written examination (100%)